origins: This very unusual and interesting name is of Old French origin, introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066. Cryer, and its variant form Crier, is an occupational surname for a town crier, one who was employed to make public announcements in a loud voice; this was usually an appointment made by the local court of justice. The name derives from the Old French and Middle English "criere" the nominative of "crieur", crier, a derivative of the verb "crier", to cry aloud, from the Latin "Quiritate". The development of the surname has included the following examples: Robert le Crieur (1269, Northumberland), Johanna Cryour (1379, Yorkshire), and Alicia Crioure (1379, ibid). Among the recordings of the name in London is that of the marriage of John Cryer and Mary Stermore, at St. James's, Duke's Place, on November 9th 1679. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Geoffrey le Criur, which was dated 1221, in the "Hertfordshire Curia Rolls", during the reign of King Henry III, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272.
origins: This great Irish family can trace their name back to Donnabhain, the son of Callaghan, a 10th century Munster King. Donnabhain is composed of the Gaelic elements "donn" meaning "brown", dubh - black plus the diminutive suffix "an". The original homeland of the (O) Donovans was the extensive territory of the River Maigue in Co. Limerick where they were considered a noble race and named their stronghold Brugh Riogh which translates as the "Royal Residence". After the Norman Invasion of 1170, the (O) Donovans moved under force to south west Cork where they acquired much territory and became chieftains in Carbery. The family supported the army of James II in Ireland (1690). Jeremiah O'Donovan (1831-1915) called Rossa, the revered Fenian patriot, who went to America following his release from prison, is the most famous namebearer in Irish history. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of O'Donnabhain, which was dated circa 1169, in the "Annals of the Four Masters", during the reign of Rory O'Connor, known as "The High King of Ireland", 1166 - 1198.
origins: This most interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may derive from two possible sources. It is most likely to be a metonymic occupational name for a maker of ladles, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "hlaedel", plus the agent suffix "-er". The first element here was first recorded as a surname in 1187 (Nicholas Ladel, in Ekwall's "Some Early London Bynames and Surnames"). The surname may however be a variant of the Scottish "Laidlaw", which is probably a locational name from Ludlow in Shropshire, England, and is said to be a Border surname, largely confined to the former county of Selkirk. It is first recorded here as early as 1296, when one William of Lodelawe was accused of concealing a horse from the English. The surname itself, however, first appears earlier in the 13th Century (see below). Other early examples include: John le Ladeler, mentioned in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire in 1327; and Nicholas Ladelere, listed in 1377 in Huntingdonshire, according to "A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds". Isabella Laidler married William Ullithorne on August 9th 1726 at St. Mary's, Castlegate, Yorkshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter le Ladelere, which was dated 1278, in the "Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous", Warwickshire, during the reign of King Edward I, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307.
name: Laybourne, Layburn, Leyburn
origins: This name, with variant spellings, Layborn, Labern, Leaburn and Layborne is of English locational origin either from Leybourne in Kent or from Leyburn in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The first was recorded as "Lylleburna" in 779 in the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" and as "Leleburne" in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is derived from the Old English personal name "Lylla" plus "burna" a "stream" hence "Lylla's stream". Bearers of the name have been found in Kent from the 12th Century in the village of Leybourne (see below). One Robert de Leburn, appears in the Pipe Rolls for Kent (1192). Leyburn in Yorkshire is recorded as "Leborne" in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is believed to have as it's first element the Old English "hlig" (old Norse "hly") a shelter plus "burna". One, Henry Laburn is recorded in the "Register of the Freemen of the City of Yorkshire" (1488). On November 21st 1784, Elizabeth Laybourn was christened in Saint Paul's, Covent Garden, Westminster, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Philip de Leiburn, which was dated 1166, in the "Records of Landholders, Leybourne, Kent, during the reign of King Henry II, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189.
origins: Recorded in many forms as shown below, this is a medieval English surname, although its ultimate source is pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon. Deriving from a short form of Theobald, it was composed of the elements "theudo", meaning people or race, and "bald", being bold or brave. It is said to have been introduced into England by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066 and is recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086. The surname from Theobald include Tudball, Tidbold, Tibble, Dybald, Dibble, Tebbit and Tippett, and the diminutives Tebb, Tebbe, Tebbs, Tibb, Tibbe, and Tipp. One Tebbe de Wifardebi is recorded in the Yorkshire Pipe Rolls of 1177, and Tibbe, son of Toke is listed in the Lincolnshire Feet of Fines in 1208. An example of recordings of the surname, from Yorkshire Church Registers, is that of the marriage of Richard Tebb and Katherine Newton, on November 5th 1582, at the church of St. Cruix, in the city of York. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam Tebbe. This was dated 1316, in the records of Leicestershire, during the reign of King Edward II, 1307 - 1327.
origins: There appear to be several origins for this name. The first is from Yorkshire where the verb 'to york' is still in use, and means 'to pull' and was applied to the official of the local Court sent to arrest wrongdoers, and also known as the 'whipper in'. The second is again from Yorkshire, and refers to something tall or long; this reflects some Yarker historical evidence of the great height (over six feet) of some of the medieval members of the family at Layburn, Wensleydale. The third origin is from the Midlands and West Country and is a medieval job description for a person who sewed the uppers to the soles of shoes! The first recorded mention of the family name is that of John Le Yorker in 1327.